The Outdoor Water Fountains
The water from rivers and other sources was initially provided to the occupants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not aesthetic. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed travelers from all over the world throughout the ages. The common fountains of today bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. The 1st recognized water fountain was a rock basin created that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. The oldest stone basins are thought to be from around 2000 B.C.. The earliest civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to drive water through spigots. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why youâ€™ll normally find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, made from rock and bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied (web link)
with fresh water.